All Packages  Class Hierarchy  This Package  Previous  Next  Index

Class java.util.Date

java.lang.Object
   |
   +----java.util.Date

public class Date
extends Object
implements Serializable, Cloneable
The class Date represents a specific instant in time, with millisecond precision.

Prior to JDK 1.1, the class Date had two additional functions. It allowed the interpretation of dates as year, month, day, hour, minute, and second values. It also allowed the formatting and parsing of date strings. Unfortunately, the API for these functions was not amenable to internationalization. As of JDK 1.1, the Calendar class should be used to convert between dates and time fields and the DateFormat class should be used to format and parse date strings. The corresponding methods in Date are deprecated.

Although the Date class is intended to reflect coordinated universal time (UTC), it may not do so exactly, depending on the host environment of the Java Virtual Machine. Nearly all modern operating systems assume that 1 day = 24  60  60 = 86400 seconds in all cases. In UTC, however, about once every year or two there is an extra second, called a "leap second." The leap second is always added as the last second of the day, and always on December 31 or June 30. For example, the last minute of the year 1995 was 61 seconds long, thanks to an added leap second. Most computer clocks are not accurate enough to be able to reflect the leap-second distinction.

Some computer standards are defined in terms of Greenwich mean time (GMT), which is equivalent to universal time (UT). GMT is the "civil" name for the standard; UT is the "scientific" name for the same standard. The distinction between UTC and UT is that UTC is based on an atomic clock and UT is based on astronomical observations, which for all practical purposes is an invisibly fine hair to split. Because the earth's rotation is not uniform (it slows down and speeds up in complicated ways), UT does not always flow uniformly. Leap seconds are introduced as needed into UTC so as to keep UTC within 0.9 seconds of UT1, which is a version of UT with certain corrections applied. There are other time and date systems as well; for example, the time scale used by the satellite-based global positioning system (GPS) is synchronized to UTC but is not adjusted for leap seconds. An interesting source of further information is the U.S. Naval Observatory, particularly the Directorate of Time at:

and their definitions of "Systems of Time" at:

In all methods of class Date that accept or return year, month, date, hours, minutes, and seconds values, the following representations are used:

In all cases, arguments given to methods for these purposes need not fall within the indicated ranges; for example, a date may be specified as January 32 and is interpreted as meaning February 1.

See Also:
DateFormat, Calendar, TimeZone

Constructor Index

 o Date()
Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the time at which it was allocated measured to the nearest millisecond.
 o Date(int, int, int)
Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents midnight, local time, at the beginning of the day specified by the year, month, and date arguments. Deprecated.
 o Date(int, int, int, int, int)
Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the specified hour and minute, local time, of the date specified by the year, month, date, hrs, and min arguments. Deprecated.
 o Date(int, int, int, int, int, int)
Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the specified hour, minute, and second, local time of the date specified by the year, month, date, hrs, min, and sec arguments. Deprecated.
 o Date(long)
Allocates a Date object and initializes it to represent the specified number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT.
 o Date(String)
Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the date and time indicated by the string s, which is interpreted as if by the parse method. Deprecated.

Method Index

 o after(Date)
Tests if this date is after the specified date.
 o before(Date)
Tests if this date is before the specified date.
 o equals(Object)
Compares two dates.
 o getDate()
Returns the day of the month represented by this date. Deprecated.
 o getDay()
Returns the day of the week represented by this date. Deprecated.
 o getHours()
Returns the hour represented by this date. Deprecated.
 o getMinutes()
Returns the number of minutes past the hour represented by this date. Deprecated.
 o getMonth()
Returns the month represented by this date. Deprecated.
 o getSeconds()
Returns the number of seconds past the minute represented by this date. Deprecated.
 o getTime()
Returns the number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT represented by this date.
 o getTimezoneOffset()
Returns the local time-zone offset. Deprecated.
 o getYear()
Returns the year represented by this date, minus 1900. Deprecated.
 o hashCode()
Returns a hash code value for this object.
 o parse(String)
Given a string representing a time, parse it and return the time value. Deprecated.
 o setDate(int)
Sets the day of the month of this date to the specified value. Deprecated.
 o setHours(int)
Sets the hour of this date to the specified value. Deprecated.
 o setMinutes(int)
Sets the minutes of this date to the specified value. Deprecated.
 o setMonth(int)
Sets the month of this date to the specified value. Deprecated.
 o setSeconds(int)
Sets the seconds of this date to the specified value. Deprecated.
 o setTime(long)
Sets this date to represent the specified number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970 00:00:00 GMT.
 o setYear(int)
Sets the year of this date to be the specified value plus 1900. Deprecated.
 o toGMTString()
Creates a string representation of this date. Deprecated.
 o toLocaleString()
Creates a string representation of this date in an implementation-dependent form. Deprecated.
 o toString()
Creates a canonical string representation of the date.
 o UTC(int, int, int, int, int, int)
Determines the date and time based on the arguments. Deprecated.

Constructors

 o Date
 public Date()
Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the time at which it was allocated measured to the nearest millisecond.

See Also:
currentTimeMillis
 o Date
 public Date(long date)
Allocates a Date object and initializes it to represent the specified number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT.

Parameters:
date - the milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT.
See Also:
currentTimeMillis
 o Date
 public Date(int year,
             int month,
             int date)
Note: Date() is deprecated.

Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents midnight, local time, at the beginning of the day specified by the year, month, and date arguments.

Parameters:
year - the year minus 1900.
month - the month between 0-11.
date - the day of the month between 1-31.
See Also:
Calendar
 o Date
 public Date(int year,
             int month,
             int date,
             int hrs,
             int min)
Note: Date() is deprecated.

Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the specified hour and minute, local time, of the date specified by the year, month, date, hrs, and min arguments.

Parameters:
year - the year minus 1900.
month - the month between 0-11.
date - the day of the month between 1-31.
hrs - the hours between 0-23.
min - the minutes between 0-59.
See Also:
Calendar
 o Date
 public Date(int year,
             int month,
             int date,
             int hrs,
             int min,
             int sec)
Note: Date() is deprecated.

Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the specified hour, minute, and second, local time of the date specified by the year, month, date, hrs, min, and sec arguments.

Parameters:
year - the year minus 1900.
month - the month between 0-11.
date - the day of the month between 1-31.
hrs - the hours between 0-23.
min - the minutes between 0-59.
sec - the seconds between 0-59.
See Also:
Calendar
 o Date
 public Date(String s)
Note: Date() is deprecated.

Allocates a Date object and initializes it so that it represents the date and time indicated by the string s, which is interpreted as if by the parse method.

Parameters:
s - a string representation of the date.
See Also:
DateFormat, parse

Methods

 o UTC
 public static long UTC(int year,
                        int month,
                        int date,
                        int hrs,
                        int min,
                        int sec)
Note: UTC() is deprecated.

Determines the date and time based on the arguments. The arguments are interpreted in UTC, not in the local time zone

Parameters:
year - the year minus 1900.
month - the month between 0-11.
date - the day of the month between 1-31.
hrs - the hours between 0-23.
min - the minutes between 0-59.
sec - the seconds between 0-59.
Returns:
the number of seconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT for the date and time specified by the arguments.
See Also:
Calendar
 o parse
 public static long parse(String s)
Note: parse() is deprecated.

Given a string representing a time, parse it and return the time value. This method recognizes most standard syntaxes.

It accepts many syntaxes; in particular, it recognizes the IETF standard date syntax: "Sat, 12 Aug 1995 13:30:00 GMT". It also understands the continental U.S. time-zone abbreviations, but for general use, a time-zone offset should be used: "Sat, 12 Aug 1995 13:30:00 GMT+0430" (4 hours, 30 minutes west of the Greenwich meridian). If no time zone is specified, the local time zone is assumed. GMT and UTC are considered equivalent.

Parameters:
s - a string to be parsed as a date.
Returns:
the number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT represented by the string argument.
See Also:
DateFormat
 o getYear
 public int getYear()
Note: getYear() is deprecated.

Returns the year represented by this date, minus 1900.

Returns:
the year represented by this date, minus 1900.
See Also:
Calendar
 o setYear
 public void setYear(int year)
Note: setYear() is deprecated.

Sets the year of this date to be the specified value plus 1900.

Parameters:
year - the year value.
See Also:
Calendar
 o getMonth
 public int getMonth()
Note: getMonth() is deprecated.

Returns the month represented by this date. The value returned is between 0 and 11, with the value 0 representing January.

Returns:
the month represented by this date.
See Also:
Calendar
 o setMonth
 public void setMonth(int month)
Note: setMonth() is deprecated.

Sets the month of this date to the specified value.

Parameters:
month - the month value between 0-11.
See Also:
Calendar
 o getDate
 public int getDate()
Note: getDate() is deprecated.

Returns the day of the month represented by this date. The value returned is between 1 and 31.

Returns:
the day of the month represented by this date.
See Also:
Calendar
 o setDate
 public void setDate(int date)
Note: setDate() is deprecated.

Sets the day of the month of this date to the specified value.

Parameters:
date - the day of the month value between 1-31.
See Also:
Calendar
 o getDay
 public int getDay()
Note: getDay() is deprecated.

Returns the day of the week represented by this date. The value returned is between 0 and 6, where 0 represents Sunday.

Returns:
the day of the week represented by this date.
See Also:
Calendar
 o getHours
 public int getHours()
Note: getHours() is deprecated.

Returns the hour represented by this date. The value returned is between 0 and 23, where 0 represents midnight.

Returns:
the hour represented by this date.
See Also:
Calendar
 o setHours
 public void setHours(int hours)
Note: setHours() is deprecated.

Sets the hour of this date to the specified value.

Parameters:
hours - the hour value.
See Also:
Calendar
 o getMinutes
 public int getMinutes()
Note: getMinutes() is deprecated.

Returns the number of minutes past the hour represented by this date. The value returned is between 0 and 59.

Returns:
the number of minutes past the hour represented by this date.
See Also:
Calendar
 o setMinutes
 public void setMinutes(int minutes)
Note: setMinutes() is deprecated.

Sets the minutes of this date to the specified value.

Parameters:
minutes - the value of the minutes.
See Also:
Calendar
 o getSeconds
 public int getSeconds()
Note: getSeconds() is deprecated.

Returns the number of seconds past the minute represented by this date. The value returned is between 0 and 60. The value 60 can only occur on those Java Virtual Machines that take leap seconds into account.

Returns:
the number of seconds past the minute represented by this date.
See Also:
Calendar
 o setSeconds
 public void setSeconds(int seconds)
Note: setSeconds() is deprecated.

Sets the seconds of this date to the specified value.

Parameters:
seconds - the seconds value.
See Also:
Calendar
 o getTime
 public long getTime()
Returns the number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT represented by this date.

Returns:
the number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT represented by this date.
 o setTime
 public void setTime(long time)
Sets this date to represent the specified number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970 00:00:00 GMT.

Parameters:
time - the number of milliseconds.
 o before
 public boolean before(Date when)
Tests if this date is before the specified date.

Parameters:
when - a date.
Returns:
true if this date is before the argument date; false otherwise.
 o after
 public boolean after(Date when)
Tests if this date is after the specified date.

Parameters:
when - a date.
Returns:
true if this date is after the argument date; false otherwise.
 o equals
 public boolean equals(Object obj)
Compares two dates. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Date object that represents the same point in time, to the millisecond, as this object.

Thus, two Date objects are equal if and only if the getTime method returns the same long value for both.

Parameters:
obj - the object to compare with.
Returns:
true if the objects are the same; false otherwise.
Overrides:
equals in class Object
See Also:
getTime
 o hashCode
 public int hashCode()
Returns a hash code value for this object.

Returns:
a hash code value for this object.
Overrides:
hashCode in class Object
 o toString
 public String toString()
Creates a canonical string representation of the date. The result is of the form "Sat Aug 12 02:30:00 PDT 1995".

Returns:
a string representation of this date.
Overrides:
toString in class Object
 o toLocaleString
 public String toLocaleString()
Note: toLocaleString() is deprecated.

Creates a string representation of this date in an implementation-dependent form. The intent is that the form should be familiar to the user of the Java application, wherever it may happen to be running. The intent is comparable to that of the "%c" format supported by the strftime() function of ISO C.

Returns:
a string representation of this date, using the locale conventions.
See Also:
DateFormat
 o toGMTString
 public String toGMTString()
Note: toGMTString() is deprecated.

Creates a string representation of this date. The result is of the form:

in which the day of the month is always one or two digits. The other fields have exactly the width shown. The time zone is always given as "GMT".

Returns:
a string representation of this date, using the Internet GMT conventions.
See Also:
DateFormat
 o getTimezoneOffset
 public int getTimezoneOffset()
Note: getTimezoneOffset() is deprecated.

Returns the local time-zone offset. The time-zone offset is the number of minutes that must be added to GMT to give the local time zone. This value includes the correction, if necessary, for daylight saving time.

Returns:
the time-zone offset, in minutes, for the current locale.
See Also:
Calendar, TimeZone

All Packages  Class Hierarchy  This Package  Previous  Next  Index