Washington State University
SAFETY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES MANUAL

GENERAL WORKPLACE SAFETY
2.44
Revised 5-12
Reviewed 7-13
Environmental Health and Safety
335-3041

Bloodborne Pathogens

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OVERVIEW

Bloodborne pathogens are pathogenic microorganisms including bacteria, parasites, and/or viruses present in human blood and/or other body fluids that can cause disease in humans. Departments with employees likely to be exposed to bloodborne pathogens are to implement a Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan.

Exposure

Positions/tasks with potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens include:

Employees in these positions or performing these tasks may be exposed to bloodborne pathogens through inhalation, ingestion, or absorption of human blood or other potentially infectious materials.

Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM)

Other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) include:

Prevention

Prevention of infection generally can be accomplished by eliminating employee exposure. In addition, immunization against the Hepatitis B Virus is recommended.

Employees are to use "universal precautions" to eliminate or minimize exposure to human bloodborne pathogens. Universal precautions are infection control approaches which require all human blood and OPIM (see above) to be treated as infected with bloodborne pathogens.

Specific engineering and work practice controls as well as personal protective equipment are to be utilized if human blood or OPIM are present. Contact Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) for information about applicable engineering and work practice controls; telephone 335-3041.

RESPONSIBILITY

Departments

Departments are responsible for:

An exposure incident occurs when the eyes, mouth, other mucous membrane, or non-intact skin contacts blood or OPIM.

Template and Assistance

EH&S has created a Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan template which departments may use to complete site-specific bloodborne pathogens exposure control plans. Contact EH&S to obtain copies of the template and assistance with implementing the exposure control plan requirements; telephone 335-3041.

Human Resource Services

Human Resource Services is responsible for:

HEPATITIS B VIRUS VACCINATION (HBVV)

The Hepatitis B virus vaccination (HBVV) series is to be offered to all employees covered by a Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan. The employing department pays the cost of the vaccination series.

TRAINING

Employees covered by a Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan are to receive training prior to assignments with potential exposure to human blood or OPIM and annually thereafter. Contact EH&S to arrange training; telephone 335-3041.

BLOOD SPILL REPORTING AND CLEANUP

WSU Pullman

Personnel at WSU Pullman report blood spills for cleanup to the following departments:

All Other WSU Locations

At non-Pullman WSU locations, departments are to develop procedures for reporting and cleaning up blood spills. These procedures must include:

ASSISTANCE

Contact EH&S for assistance; telephone 335-3041.