Washington State University
SAFETY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES MANUAL

CHEMICAL / HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SAFETY
5.15
Revised 4-10
Environmental Health and Safety
335-3041

Eyewashes and Safety Showers

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POLICY

Where the eyes or body of any person may be exposed to injurious chemicals and/or materials, departments are to provide suitable facilities within the work area for immediate emergency use to quickly drench or flush the eyes and body.

When activities involving the use of chemicals are not at a fixed location, contact Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) for an evaluation and recommendation.

NOTE: Emergency washing facilities are not to be substitutes for the use of appropriate personal protective devices, e.g., goggles. See 3.10.

Installation

There are several types of emergency washing facilities, e.g., plumbed, self-contained, personal, drench hoses, showers. Contact EH&S for an evaluation and recommendation as to the type of emergency washing facilities required; telephone 335-3041.

TRAINING

The principal investigator or supervisor is responsible for providing instructions regarding the location and proper use of emergency washing facilities. Contact EH&S for assistance with setting up a training program.

Reporting

Each employee who participates in employee development activities and training programs (e.g., emergency washing procedures training; new employee orientation) completes documentation that confirms participation. The documentation must include the following information:

The department or the employee routes the original documentation to Human Resource Services and places a copy in the employee's departmental personnel file.

Eyewashing

To wash eyes, hold the eyelids open and roll the eyeballs so that flushing fluid will flow on all surfaces of the eyes and under the eyelids.

Consult the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the amount of time required to flush the specific chemical from the eyes. See 5.10. If the MSDS does not specify a time, immediately wash the eyeball and the inner surface of the eyelid with plenty of water for 15 minutes.

Drench Hosing

Drench hoses may be used to irrigate and flush the face or other parts of the body. NOTE: Use drench hoses in addition to emergency washing facilities. Do not substitute drench hoses for emergency showers or eyewashes.

Definition

Drench hoses are handheld water-spraying devices used for rinsing the body, particularly the lower extremities.

FACILITY INSPECTIONS

Eyewashes and Drench Hoses

Principal Investigator/Supervisor

The principal investigator/supervisor or designee activates and inspects all eyewashes and drench hoses weekly to verify proper operation.

The amount of time the eyewash or drench hose is activated depends on the amount of debris in the system. The inspector activates the eyewash or drench hose until the water is clear and debris is removed.

The inspector verifies the following:

Contact Facilities Services, Operations or EH&S for assistance with verifying proper eyewash and drench hose operation.

EH&S

EH&S inspects eyewash stations and drench hose units during laboratory reviews.

Report Problems

Report units not functioning in accordance with the above requirements to Facilities Services, Operations by submitting a work request through the myFacilities website. The myFacilities website is located at:

https://myfacilities.wsu.edu

See also BPPM 80.45.

Showers

Facilities Services, Operations (Initial Installation)

Facilities Services, Operations inspects all emergency showers upon initial installation. Facilities Services, Operations project managers are responsible for verifying proper installation and functioning of all new shower installations.

Project managers are to ensure that each new safety shower is entered into the Facilities Services, Operations equipment database for longterm tracking.

Departments (Annual Inspections)

Departments are to ensure that emergency showers are inspected on an annual basis. Facilities Services, Operations and the departments jointly complete the annual inspections.

The department is responsible for notifying Facilities Services, Operations in advance of the times and dates of planned emergency shower inspections. This ensures that Facilities Services, Operations is aware of the inspections and can assist the department.

Inspection Criteria

Emergency showers are to be inspected to verify all of the following criteria:

The department clears the emergency shower areas in advance of the flowtest.

The department and Facilities Services, Operations conduct this inspection.

The department and Facilities Services, Operations conduct this inspection.

Facilities Services, Operations conducts this inspection.

Facilities Services, Operations labels emergency washing facilities.

Contact Facilities Services, Operations or EH&S for additional information regarding verifying proper emergency shower operation.

Report Problems

Report units not functioning in accordance with the above requirements to Facilities Services, Operations by submitting work requests through the myFacilities website. The myFacilities website is located at:

https://myfacilities.wsu.edu

See also BPPM 80.45.